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Minimally Invasive Knee-Replacement Surgery

Restore Movement at Orthopedics-Southeast Iowa Regional Medical Center

In a healthy knee joint – the largest joint in the body – the surfaces of leg bones at the joint are very smooth and covered with a tough protective tissue called cartilage. Arthritis causes damage to one or more of the bone surfaces and cartilage where the bones rub together. These damaged surfaces eventually become painful and may cause loss of movement. There are many ways to treat the pain caused by arthritis. Knee-replacement surgery usually is considered after other treatment methods have been tried.

How knee-replacement surgery works

Knee-replacement surgeries are performed more often than other types of joint-replacement surgery. Orthopedic surgeons at Southeast Iowa Regional Medical Center can perform two types of knee-replacement surgery:

  • Total knee-replacement surgery
  • Partial knee-replacement surgery

Surgeons work with patients to determine the best procedure based on the condition of the knee. In total knee-replacement surgery, the knee joint is removed and replaced with an artificial joint called an implant made of metal and very durable plastic. The implant is attached to the femur (thigh bone) on top and the tibia (shin bone) on the bottom.

Partial knee replacement is a minimally invasive procedure that involves removing and replacing only the damaged portion of the knee. The benefits of this procedure are:

  • Smaller scar – Only 2 to 3 inches
  • Shorter hospital stay – For some people, this is an outpatient procedure.
  • Faster recovery and rehabilitation time
  • Greater range of motion – The procedure allows for nearly full range of motion compared to standard total knee-replacement surgery procedures.

For more information about knee-replacement surgery or to schedule an appointment with an orthopedic specialist at Southeast Iowa Regional Medical Center, please call:
Fort Madison -- 319-376-1135
West Burlington -- 319-768-4970

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